From July 18th to July 21st the 2016 41st Republican National Convention will meet at the Quicken Loans Arena in Cleveland, Ohio. The Convention of 2,472 delegates will choose the Republican candidates for both President and Vice President of the United States. They will also write a Party Platform for which the Party will stand for the next four years.
This will be the third time Cleveland has hosted this event since 1936. In order to be chosen a candidate needs a simple majority, 1, 237 votes from convention delegates.
The Republicans began holding nominating conventions throughout the states in 1912 when Theodore Roosevelt wanted to again run for the presidency. It was done on a very limited basis then. He ended up running as a third party candidate and lost to the Democratic candidate, Woodrow Wilson. It was widely used in 1952 to choose Dwight David Eisenhower as the Republican candidate. Finally in 1968 the primary or caucus system was used throughout the 50 states and territories. Initially when the primary elections began in 2016 there were 17 candidates for the office. Another 5 attempted to enter but they had withdrawn before the primaries began.
The major question at this Convention is: Who will be nominated to run against the Democratic candidate for the Presidency of the country? Currently there are three viable Republican candidates: Donald J. Trump, Rafael Edward (Ted) Cruz, and John R. Kasich.
Kasich currently has less delegate votes than Marco Rubio had when he quit the race after losing his home state, Florida. There is no possible way he can attain the 1,237 delegate votes needed to be chosen as the candidate. Consequently he is hoping that both Trump and Cruz will be disqualified and the Convention will choose him.
The race at this point is between Trump and Cruz. In order for either one to win that individual needs to come up with 1,237 delegate votes on the first ballot. Because once the delegates have voted their obligation for their designated candidate on the first ballot, if they do not reach the necessary number of votes their obligation to vote for their candidate expires, and they are free to vote for whomsoever they wish.
A week prior to the opening of the July commencement of the 41st National Nominating Convention its Rules Committee will meet in Cleveland and redefine or set the rules for the convention. They could be a renewal of the 2012 Rules, a slight variation on them, a complete new set of rules, or a combination of any two of the above. In essence the Rules Committee will establish a complete set of rules for the 2016 Republican National Nominating Convention. What will they be? That’s a very good question, which will not be completely answered until July 18th of 2016 in Cleveland when the entire Convention approves them.
There are important considerations in the process. Every one of the 50 states and the territories have their own have their own specific election primary laws or practices. Actual primary elections are run by the states, caucuses are done by the political party. There are one or two states where the results of the primary election have nothing to do with appointing delegates to the National Convention. Just about every state also has three unbound electors or Superdelegates who will go to the Cleveland Nominating Convention not bound to any candidate. They usually, but not always, vote for the favorite. In the state of Georgia almost all the delegates favor Cruz in 2016 but Donald Trump won the Primary Election there. These people are legally committed to vote for Trump on the first ballot and possibly on the second one also but after that they will vote for Cruz. Also according to the old rules (2012) caucus elections are not legal and the votes from open primary elections don’t count. An open election is where the voters can vote for the candidate in either party. In some states with closed primaries the voters have to be registered months earlier in order to vote in a primary election. In other states they can register the day of the election or up to a day earlier. Consequently what specifically will be a legal vote for a candidate what will not be will be determined the first day after the Convention begins on July 18, 2016 and is voted into existence on that day. This means that a candidate like Donald Trump even coming to the Convention with 1,237 delegate votes may not legally have 1,237 votes by the rules of the Convention.
Donald Trump has been vociferously complaining about the unfairness of the Republican leadership, that he is the leading candidate according to the popular vote, has the most delegates committed to him, but that other delegates have been unfairly awarded to Ted Cruz, and earlier to other candidates. Interestingly one of the Republican Party people stated on April 13th that if Trump comes to the Convention with 1,100 committed delegates he will be the Republican candidate; that the additional votes to make up the 1,237 will be found for him, presumably from the uncommitted delegates.
Is this true or was it stated to pacify an unruly crowd? The person who said this may have been a Republican official but he wasn’t the present head of the Republican Party, Reince Priebus is the current National Chairman; and I suspect he wouldn’t make a statement like that. In fact he hasn’t.
It would seem that Donald Trump, when all is said and done, is an amateur politician; and this holds true for his staff also. For example neither Trump nor any members of his staff made any prerequisite contacts in Colorado or Wyoming. Cruz did do so and all the delegates from both states were assigned to him. The state chairman from Wyoming made a negative statement about Trump several months earlier. The caucuses or straw votes by the general Republican population were ignored. The decision as to who the nominee would be was made by the State Republican chairman, the treasurer, the party secretary, and all the county chairmen. All 37 delegates in Colorado were assigned to Ted Cruz. The same thing happened in Wyoming; Cruz won all 14 delegates. He was the only Republican to campaign there. The victory occurred on April 16, 2016. A member of his staff had been there for months working for that victory.
Cruz is well organized and will do whatever is necessary to win in those areas of the country where he can win or gather delegate votes. As of, Tuesday, April 19th he has gotten 559 delegates. He won no delegates in the New York primary. Trump is still ahead with 845. In the New York primary he won 89 out of 95 possible delegates.
Trump has vociferously called the Republican selection process unfair and rigged in both Colorado and Wyoming. In fact it would seem that Trump and his staff did not understand the process in Colorado and did not contact the party there, nor did they bother in Wyoming. They must have assumed that everything in these two states would automatically take care of itself. Cruz did not make this mistake.
Delegates in Colorado are chosen through a process that starts with March 1st caucuses and ends at the state convention on April 9th. Colorado delegates can go to the National Convention as either bound or unbound to a candidate. This year they are all bound to Cruz.
Wyoming holds a primary election on April 5th and Cruz has had staff there for months working toward his candidacy. He also visited the state earlier for a couple of days and held rallies there.
Even though the delegate nominating vote will not occur in the state of Washington until May 24th Trump’s staff has sent the paperwork necessary to be in the state primary to Washington, D.C. While I imagine there is still plenty of time to correct this error is it the type of mistake that should be made by a candidate running for the presidency of the United States? Both he and his staff are inordinately sloppy in their actions. Is this the way professionals are supposed to behave? I get the feeling when people feel they know everything there’s nothing they can ever learn. And this behavior seems to be that of Trump and of his staff.
Trump is also a master at bellyaching. He never seems to cease complaining about one or another injustice against him by the Republican Party. He fumed over the results from Colorado. He’s blamed the media and the press for refusing to point out what he has described as an injustice in the Republican primary contest. “The media is so dishonest. Honestly, I do wonder. I’m millions of votes ahead which they don’t even mention, they don’t even talk about. They talk about delegates. And I’m hundreds of delegates ahead but the system is rigged, folks. It’s a rigged, disgusting dirty system. It’s a dirty system and only a non-politician would say it.”
He feels that much of the Republican leadership in Washington D. C. and across the United States is opposed to him. A good example of this is what happened in Colorado and the fact that some Republican Super Pac’s are spending millions in ads to defeat him. In fact there are three Republican Super Pac’s that are focused upon his defeat. These are The Club for Growth, Our Principals Pact, and the American Futures Fund. They are all unaligned without any specific candidate and it is estimated that they have so-far spent 23.5 million on negative ads against Donald Trump.
Another colorful example is Indiana, which will hold its Primary Election on May 3, 2016. Indiana has 57 delegates. This is the second largest block coming up next to California. Of these 56 are now committed (April 15) to not voting for Trump. One of the 57 delegates is committed to Trump. The Primary Election will still take place on May 3, 2016; but ultimately it will have nothing to do with choosing delegates. That has already been done by the Republican State Party Leadership. Trump visited the state on Wednesday, April 20th, the day after his New York victory.
Are many leading members of the Republican Party out to get Trump? Obviously. Many see the potential of his candidacy harming the Republican Party for years to come. He represents the undereducated, blue collar workers, the people who could never get themselves to vote Democratic, the bottom third of the Republican Party who have never gotten anything from the Party except the right to own guns. They are essentially disgusted with their party and want something more in return for their vote. These are the people who have continually supported Trump.
He, in his speeches, is telling them that if he is not the frontrunner in the Presidential Election then they should stay home and not vote. It would seem that Trump is not only fighting to get elected but he is also fighting the Republican Party in order to be elected President of the United States. He has also made comments or veiled threats about what will happen at the Convention if he, the frontrunner, is not elected.
If Trump does not reach the 1,237 delegates for the first vote at the Convention it is highly possible that Cruz’s organizational advantage could win him the nomination after the first vote in the election; but it is also possible that he will still not have enough delegates to reach the 1,237 votes needed to be chosen. Trump won the Louisiana primary but Cruz might end up with more delegates than Trump by gaining Marco Rubio’s delegates and the unbound delegates from that state.
There is an interesting note or irony here. These same class of blue collar men and women in Las Vegas, who are currently employed by Trump at his casino, are currently fighting for the right to unionize Trump’s International Hotel in Las Vegas. His management is doing everything possible in what is mainly a largely unionized city to keep the casino workers from being able to unionize. Consequently Trump is fighting a small section with a group of the very people who support him politically to keep them from being able to unionize.
As a footnote: it should be noted that both Donald Trump and Ted Cruz are generating a lot of hostility particularly among the school-age youth across a good part of this country. Their remarks about Muslims and Hispanics are and have created bullying and tension among young children and teenagers in public schools. It is increasing racial and ethnic pressure to the point where it is noticeable by their teachers. Whether it is being picked up from conversations at home or from both conversations and television is beside the point. The point is that there is a noticeable increase in this behavior being touched off by the two major Republican candidates. And that is not good news for a country that prides itself on all the racial and ethnic groups that make it up!
Ted Cruz, the other major Republican Candidate, has said, that Muslim areas of the United States should be specially patrolled by the police. In certain respects it is hard to tell the two Republican candidates apart for their negative qualities, which even though they are not all similar are equally bad.
In 2012 Rafael Edward (Ted) Cruz was elected to the U.S. Senate. He was the far right candidate, with heavy support from the Texas Tea Party. He won the state Republican primary over Republican Lieutenant Governor David Dewhurst and later, in the election, beat the Democratic candidate. Cruz failed to report two loans, which helped him finance his campaign, that were required by law. Time Magazine reported the first one during the 2012 campaign and The New York Times reported the second one in 2016. Cruz disclosed the loans on his Senate financial disclosure forms in July of 2012, but not on the Federal Election Commission form. The second loan came largely from Goldman Sacks, where his wife worked as an executive. Cruz stated that his failure to disclose these loans was accidental. There was no evidence that his wife was involved in securing the second loan. These monies, several million dollars, were repaid by later campaign fundraising.
Cruz has sponsored 25 bills of his own. Among these were: a bill to cancel Affordable Health Care (Obamacare), two bills to investigate and prosecute felons and fugitives who illegally purchase firearms, a bill to permit states to require proof of citizenship for registering to vote in federal elections, a bill to increase coal, natural gas, and crude oil exports, to approve the Keystone XL Pipeline, to expand oil drilling offshore, to give states the sole power of regulating hydraulic fracturing, to prohibit the EPA from regulating greenhouse gases, to earmark natural resource revenue to paying off the Federal Debt, and to amend the Federal Election Campaign Act of 1971 to eliminate all limits on direct campaign contributions for candidates for public office.
Cruz was heavily involved in the Government Shutdown of 2013 which ended up costing the U.S. Economy about 29 billion dollars. Cruz gave a 21 hour Senate speech in an effort to hold up a federal budget bill and defund the Affordable Care Act. Cruz’s efforts encouraged the House of Representatives to effect the shutdown. It did not really stop any bills from passing in the Senate. Even Republican Senators denounced the move; Senator Lindsey Graham called the move ineffective and “shameless.”
Cruz has denounced President Obama as an enemy of the Republic. He has used harsh rhetoric against fellow Republicans calling a number of them who voted for a bill backed by the President a “surrender caucus.” He accused Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell of telling “a flat out lie.” On abortion Cruz is strongly prolife. He’ll allow the termination of a pregnancy only when the mother’s life is in danger; rape or incest are not grounds for an abortion. He opposes both same-sex marriages and civil unions; marriage should be legally defined as a union between one man and one woman. He supports school choice and opposes the state regulated common core standards. He is totally against Affordable Health Care and would repeal that law. He is a gun rights advocate and is opposed to certain religious groups (Muslim) immigrating to the United States.
In terms of criminal law, Cruz has called for an end to “over-criminalization, harsh mandatory minimum sentences, and the demise of jury trials.” He believes that most criminals are Democrats and that is the reason Democrats are soft on crime. They want the votes of the criminal class. He has accused the President and the Attorney General of vilifying police law enforcement.
He believes in free trade, in a flat tax that everyone pays in terms of an equal percentage that they can file on the back of a postcard. He wants to do away with the IRS. He is opposed to a higher minimum wage.
Following the Tea Party theology Cruz wants to decrease the size of the Federal Government significantly. He would do this by eliminating the IRS plus four other cabinet agencies: the Department of Energy, the Department of Education, the Department of Commerce, and the Department of Housing and Urban Development. He is also a staunch supporter of the Keystone XL Pipeline.
Cruz rejects what most scientists accept as fact that the earth’s surface is slowly and continually heating because of the gases that are continually being spewed into the atmosphere. In March of 2015 he stated that there had been no significant global warming for the last eighteen years.
In foreign affairs Cruz stringently opposes the United Nations Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action that brought about the non-nuclear development agreement with Iran and the U.N., calling it catastrophic and disastrous. Of the 2014 thaw in relations between Cuba and the U.S., Cruz called it foreign policy that “will be remembered as a tragic mistake.” In 2013 Cruz stated that American armed forces should not serve as “al-Qaeda’s air force.” In 2014 he said, “The president’s foreign policy team utterly missed the threat of ISIS, indeed, was working to arm Syrian rebels that were fighting side by side with ISIS.” He has also called for carpet bombing of ISIS, which would kill innumerable non-ISIS members and create a very negative image of America in the Middle East or wherever we attacked ISIS.
It should also be noted that Cruz’s wife, Heidi, is an American investment manager at Goldman Sacks, who currently is on a leave of absence from the company. She has an M.B.A. from the Harvard Business School and is currently Regional Head of the Southwest United States for the Investment Management Division in Houston. She took a leave of absence to participate in her husband’s presidential campaign. I’m sure Goldman Sacks would like to have one of their executives as first lady.
The meeting of the Republican Nominating Convention during the third week in July should be very dramatic.
From what I understand Rafael Edward (Ted) Cruz has a very good mind. He was probably academically the top student both in his college class and in law school. Over the years probably from his teenage period on or possibly even earlier he has worked out his prospective of the world around him and firmly believes what he says. He tends to be at the right extreme or beyond from the Tea Party’s position. He has a tendency to denounce anyone who doesn’t agree with him. This includes the entire faculty of Harvard Law School. He called them Communists after he graduated. If anything, by his actions, he is intolerant of anyone who doesn’t agree with him; this includes at times the entire U.S. Senate. From statements he has made, as President he will us his executive privilege, far beyond anything President Obama has done.
A goodly percentage of the Republican Party doesn’t want him as their candidate. And the probability is that neither he nor Trump will have the necessary 1,237 delegate votes to be nominated as the Republican candidate for the presidency. The Republican Nominating Convention will be looking for, what has historically been called, a “dark horse.” They will move into their convention without a specific candidate. There is a very high probability that the Republicans will have to go through a large number of ballots before they choose someone that the majority can live with. The process of doing this should be very loud and highly dramatic.
It then becomes an open convention and the search is on for an acceptable candidate. Who will it be?
The first person waiting in the wings is John Kasich; in fact, he seems to have planned to be in this position and he will be the only choice left. Kasich served in the House of Representatives for 18 years, has worked in the private sector as an investment banker, and is now serving his second term as governor of Ohio. He tends to be a more liberal or compassionate conservative than any of the other Republican candidates. He has the smallest number of delegates, 148. This is less even than Marco Rubio had when he withdrew from the race and who is no longer running for the office of president. Kasich will no doubt claim to be the only real alternative that the Party has If Trump and Cruz don’t reach 1,237 votes.
Another possibility would be Mitt Romney, the 2012 Republican Presidential candidate, who lost that election to Barak Obama. He has stated that he has no desire to be president but is waiting in the wings to be asked to serve his country.
A third possibility is Paul Ryan, the current Speaker of the House of Representatives. He has specifically stated: “Let me be perfectly clear: I do not want nor will I accept the nomination of our party.” But he said the same thing about becoming Speaker of the House of Representatives. Speaker Paul Ryan could be drafted. He ran in 2012 for both the Vice Presidency and as a continuing member of the House of Representatives. He will preside over the Cleveland Convention.
Ryan has indicated that he sees disaster for the Republican Party if either Trump or Cruz are nominated. He has urged delegates to pass a rule limiting the nomination only to actual candidates. If he is successful in doing this then he would seem to favor John Kasich. But it would also open the convention up to all the former Republican candidates who have dropped out of the race. And Marco Rubio, even though he dropped out after losing the Florida Primary, has a higher number of delegates than Kasich. It would also resurrect Jeb Bush. It’s a crazy situation.
Another important consideration is what will happen at the actual Presidential Election; Donald Trump seems to be contemplating rioting from his supporters if he is not nominated. As to the final vote he is telling his followers to stay at home and not vote if he is not the candidate. Will he be successful? At worst, partially; at best, considerably.
Ted Cruz’s supporters seem to have a similar attitude. They detest Trump and probably will not vote for him if he is the candidate. Trump has a following of about 35 to 37% of the registered Republicans in the primaries. To become president he will need over 50% of the combined vote from all the political groups.
If the candidate becomes Kasich or some other choice will that person, who is a compromise candidate, be able to unite the Republican Party or does it stay as splintered as it is currently?
I suspect it will stay splintered with many Republican votes never being cast. The probability is that the Republican Party, which is the minority party in the United States, will lose the Presidential Election.